Unlike the founders of older Connecticut towns, Cornwall’s first settlers did not establish a town residential center surrounding its church and a town green. Rather, they settled land throughout the town’s boundaries in order to make the most of productive soils and waterpower. Little settlements developed into villages and hamlets known as the “seven Cornwalls” — Cornwall Plains (or Village), Cornwall Center, Cornwall Hollow, North Cornwall, East Cornwall, West Cornwall, and Cornwall Bridge.
Twenty-five years after its founding in 1739, the town supported a larger population than it has today. Cornwall experienced industrial, commercial, and residential growth and by 1850 the population peaked at 2,041. However, by the end of the century population declined and many of the little villages and hamlets diminished and became isolated leaving only Cornwall Village, West Cornwall, and Cornwall Bridge as population centers.
For a Tour Map to help you explore these villages click on the links below, or stop by the Cornwall Historical Society for a copy.